The Most Common Claims Filed with Workers Compensation Insurance

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Workers’ compensation insurance is a safety net for both employees and employers, providing vital financial and medical support in the event of work-related injuries or illnesses. However, while all industries face some level of risk, certain types of claims tend to occur more frequently than others.


In this blog post, we’ll delve into the most common claims filed with workers’ compensation insurance, exploring their causes, how to prevent them, and the steps involved in filing a claim. By understanding these trends, employers can create safer work environments and better protect their employees and businesses from the financial and operational repercussions of workplace incidents.


Claims Filed with Workers Compensation Insurance

Purpose of Workers’ Compensation Insurance

Workers’ compensation insurance is designed to provide financial and medical benefits to employees who suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses. It covers costs such as medical expenses, lost wages, rehabilitation services, and even death benefits in case of a fatal accident. For employers, it shields them from potential lawsuits filed by injured employees, which could result in significant legal fees and damages.

Legal Requirements

In most jurisdictions, workers’ compensation insurance is mandated by law. The specific regulations vary depending on factors such as location, industry, and the size of the workforce. Employers are required to comply with these legal obligations to avoid penalties, fines, and potential criminal charges. Non-compliance can also lead to the suspension or revocation of business licenses.


The scope of workers’ compensation insurance typically includes medical expenses, temporary or permanent disability benefits, vocational rehabilitation, and death benefits. It is important to note that coverage is limited to work-related incidents; injuries or illnesses that occur outside the workplace or are not related to the employee’s job duties are not covered.

Premium Calculation

Insurance premiums for workers’ compensation policies depend on several factors such as the size of the workforce, the industry’s risk level, the company’s safety record, and the employer’s claims history. Insurers may also take into account the implementation of safety and risk management programs in the workplace when determining premium rates.

Claims Process

In the event of a work-related injury or illness, employees must report the incident to their employer as soon as possible. The employer is then responsible for filing a claim with the insurance carrier, which will assess the claim and determine the benefits to be paid out. Employees may be required to see an approved medical provider and follow prescribed treatment plans to receive benefits.

No-Fault System

Workers’ compensation insurance operates on a no-fault basis, meaning that employees can receive benefits regardless of who is responsible for the injury or illness. This system helps to streamline the claims process, as it eliminates the need for lengthy investigations or litigation to determine fault.

The Most Common Claims Filed with Workers Compensation Insurance

As a business owner, ensuring the safety and well-being of your employees is one of your top priorities. Workers’ compensation insurance plays a pivotal role in achieving this goal by providing protection to both employees and employers in the event of work-related injuries or illnesses. Below we have listed the most common claims filed with workers’ compensation insurance and they include the following:

  1. Overexertion Injuries

Overexertion injuries are the leading cause of workers’ compensation claims, often arising from activities such as lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying heavy objects. These injuries can result in strains, sprains, and other musculoskeletal disorders, leading to missed workdays and costly medical treatments.

Prevention Strategies:

  • Implement proper lifting techniques and ergonomic practices in the workplace
  • Provide mechanical aids, such as hand trucks or lifting devices, to assist with heavy lifting tasks
  • Offer employee training on recognizing and managing fatigue


  1. Slip, Trip, and Fall Accidents

Slip, trip, and fall accidents are another common source of workers’ compensation claims, occurring in various industries and work environments. These accidents can lead to fractures, dislocations, and other serious injuries, impacting an employee’s ability to work and resulting in significant medical expenses.

Prevention Strategies:

  • Maintain clean and clutter-free workspaces
  • Address wet or slippery surfaces promptly
  • Ensure proper lighting and visibility in work areas
  • Install handrails and non-slip flooring where necessary


  1. Struck-by or Caught-in/-between Object Accidents

Struck-by or caught-in/between object accidents involve employees being struck by moving objects or equipment or becoming trapped in machinery or between objects. These incidents can result in severe injuries, including fractures, amputations, and even fatalities.

Prevention Strategies:

  • Regularly inspect and maintain equipment and machinery
  • Provide employees with proper personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Establish and enforce safety protocols for operating heavy machinery
  • Train employees on hazard recognition and avoidance

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  1. Repetitive Stress Injuries

Repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) develop over time due to repetitive motions or prolonged periods of strain on specific body parts. Common examples include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, and bursitis. RSIs can lead to chronic pain, limited mobility, and reduced productivity.

Prevention Strategies:

  • Encourage regular breaks and stretching exercises for employees
  • Provide ergonomically designed workstations and equipment
  • Offer training on proper posture and body mechanics
  • Implement job rotation to reduce the risk of repetitive strain
  1. Workplace Violence

Workplace violence, though less common than other claims, can result in severe physical and emotional injuries. These incidents may involve altercations between employees, customer disputes, or even criminal activity.

Prevention Strategies:

  • Establish a zero-tolerance policy for workplace violence
  • Train employees on conflict resolution and de-escalation techniques
  • Implement security measures, such as access control systems and surveillance cameras
  • Encourage open communication and a positive work culture


Understanding the most common workers compensation claims provides valuable insights into the hazards employees face in the workplace. By implementing prevention strategies and fostering a culture of safety, employers can mitigate risks, reduce the likelihood of accidents, and better protect their employees and businesses from the financial and operational consequences of workplace incidents. As an employer, investing in the well-being of your workforce not only benefits your bottom line but also contributes to a more



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