Types of Bachelor Degrees & Programs (2023 Guide)

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Are you considering pursuing a bachelor’s degree? Perhaps you’re considering the prerequisites for a bachelor’s degree or wondering how long it takes to complete one. What distinguishes a bachelor of arts from a bachelor of science? Even so, is it all worth it? This guide lets you learn everything you need about bachelor’s degree programs.


What is a Bachelor’s Degree?

What does a bachelor’s degree entail? Tertiary education, or higher education, is what students pursue after completing their mandatory primary and secondary schooling. In addition to postgraduate education, which includes master’s and PhD or Doctoral degrees, colleges and universities also provide undergraduate education, typically associate and bachelor’s degrees.


The previous completion of elementary and secondary education is required for bachelor’s degrees.

Types of Bachelor Degrees
Photocredit: Forbes

So what exactly does a bachelor’s degree with honours (Hons) entail? As for the distinction between a non-honours and an honours (Hons) bachelor’s degree, certain nations with British educational systems, such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, do so. After completing an undergraduate degree, you would normally continue your studies for an additional year in the same field while finishing a significant research project.

This is challenging in other countries like England, Northern Ireland, and Wales, where almost all bachelor’s degrees are honours.

Colleges or universities will reward bachelor’s degree winners with an academic degree in a particular field. You’ll probably take classes and lectures for a bachelor’s degree in person, online, or a combination of both.

Bachelor’s degrees occasionally include internships or projects that are business-related. Your learning will be evaluated through essays, tests, or assignments.

Types of Bachelor Degrees To Apply For

There are various bachelor’s degree options available. Does law interest you? Check out the Bachelor of Criminal Justice or the Bachelor of Laws (BCJ). You might be interested in specializing in a BBA in business administration.

Beyond a Bachelor of Engineering (BEng), there are also several specialist degrees available, such as a Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering (BSAE) or a Bachelor of Civil Engineering (BCE).

The most prevalent degrees you’ll find among all of these possibilities are the Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Science (BS or BSc) degrees. What distinguishes a bachelor’s degree in science from a bachelor’s degree in the arts?

What is a Bachelor of Science Degree?

However, some people may be wondering what a BS degree entails. Bachelor of Science, or BSc, is the abbreviation. This kind of degree puts a balanced emphasis on both theoretical knowledge and real-world research.

Majors in the natural sciences, engineering, computer science, and mathematics are typical for BS degrees.

This is not an absolute prohibition. Other disciplines like architecture or even hospitality are also available as BS degrees. More math and science courses emphasizing logic and reasoning would be part of the bachelor’s degree requirements for BS degrees.

What is a Bachelor of Arts Degree?

When looking for programs, you can see the acronym “BA.” So, what exactly is a BA degree? Bachelor of Arts is abbreviated as BA. The most typical degree type is not equivalent to a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), a professional degree in fine arts, nor does it imply that you will only study art.

A Bachelor of Arts degree offers instruction in various areas, including the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Liberal Arts. Even an economics-related field can be a BA major.

The key distinction is that, compared to BS degrees, BA degrees place a greater emphasis on theoretical knowledge and the humanities and social sciences. Rare exceptions do exist. Even for all majors in natural sciences, BA degrees are the only degree type awarded in some extremely conventional universities like Oxford.

How Long Does It Take to Earn a Bachelor’s Degree?

Typically, it takes four years to earn a bachelor’s degree. The degree will be equivalent to between 180 and 240 ECTS credits or at least 120 US college credits.

This time frame will vary depending on several variables, such as the institution you attend, whether you want to study full- or part-time, the subject you’ll be studying, and whether you have any credits from prior coursework that could be applied toward degree requirements.

Those who have previously taken college-level courses won’t likely need to take as many as others. You might graduate earlier than other students if you attend classes over the summer break.

If you’re wondering how long it takes to earn a bachelor’s degree, you should also take into account regional disparities. For instance, bachelor’s degrees at American colleges typically last four years and demand that students take General Education courses in addition to those that relate to their major. In Australia, students can complete a bachelor’s degree in three years unless they want to stay for an additional year to get a bachelor’s degree with honours.

Requirements to Get a Bachelor’s Degree

How do you determine whether you are eligible to apply for a degree? Before beginning your application process, you should examine the standard bachelor’s degree prerequisites. Before beginning your bachelor’s degree studies, it is crucial that you have completed your secondary education and achieved the minimum grade criteria (these may vary depending on the school you apply to).

Probably in the application, schools will ask for extra details from you, like:

  • Personal essays
  • Letters of recommendation.
  • Test results from standardized exams like the SAT or ACT.
  • If you are not from a native English-speaking nation, a language test in English, such as the TOEFL.

As with the SAT, ACT, and TOEFL exams, most of these criteria necessitate some prior study or preparation. Additionally, you should request any necessary letters of recommendation well in advance.

The personal essay seems like it can be completed fast, but it is more difficult work than it appears. Most application essay prompts are designed to be vague so that students can express what matters to them in their own unique way.

Put a lot of thought into your essay because it’s typically one of the few opportunities for the admissions committee to get to know you better.

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What is the Average Salary of a Bachelor’s Graduate?

Most students want to know what they expect to make once they graduate. For you to compare, we’ll provide examples from a few well-known study-abroad destinations below.

The actual results could be lower or higher because these figures are averages. Whatever the case, it is quite evident that a bachelor’s degree will provide graduates with a significant step up from a high school credential.

Various countries have different average salaries for Bachelor’s Degree holders. Some of these countries include:

  • United States – $61,173
  • United Kingdom – £29,700
  • Germany – €64,404

Can I Get a Bachelor’s Online?

For a number of majors, several online bachelor’s degree programs also provide accelerated options. For instance, selecting an accelerated format can help you avoid the extra time it seems to take engineering students to get their degrees.

You can finish course requirements through an online program at your convenience and from the comfort of your home. This is especially helpful if you can’t move closer to a college or university, have work or other commitments that prevent you from taking classes during the week, or live a long way from one.



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